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Morbid Obesity
Definitions
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Your Health
The Epidemic
Causes
Medical Treatment
Recommendations
Candidate Criteria
Surgical Treatment
Surgeries
Health after Surgery
Risks of Surgery
Course of Treatment
Diet after Surgery
Expectations
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Morbid Obesity : Your Health

There are both life-threatening and life-limiting medical conditions associated with obesity. It's sometimes hard for people to understand that these associated conditions are either life-threatening or life-limiting but the fact of the matter is that morbid obesity reduces life expectancy by 20 years. The life expectancy of the average American is now 78 years. For people that are morbidly obese, it is 58 years. Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death after deaths caused by smoking. More Than 300,000 people a year die due to obesity and it's associated conditions.

Potentially life-threatening medical conditions (co-morbidities) associated with obesity include:

  • Diabetes mellitus (type II)
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Obstructive sleep apnea or Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
  • Liver Disease
  • Cancers (prostate, colon, breast, uterus)

Life limiting conditions (co-morbidities) associated with obesity include:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gallstones
  • Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • Urinary Stress Incontinence
  • Varicose veins and deep venous thrombosis
  • Leg swelling
  • Abdominal wall hernias
  • Skin-fold infections
  • Menstrual irregularity and infertility
  • Depression and social stigmatization

Chances of Co-morbidities and BMI

Frequency by % in Men

Condition Normal Obese Severely Obese Morbidly Obese
Diabetes II 2.0 4.9 10.1 10.7
Coronary Artery Disease 8.8 9.6 16.0 14.0
Hypertension 23.5 34.2 49.0 64.5
Osteoarthritis 2.6 4.6 4.7 10.0

Frequency by % in Women

Condition Normal Obese Severely Obese Morbidly Obese
Diabetes II 2.4 7.1 7.2 19.9
Coronary Artery Disease 6.9 11.1 12.6 19.2
Hypertension 23.3 38.8 48.0 63.1
Osteoarthritis 5.2 8.5 9.9 17.2

Health Risk in Relation to BMI

BMI Obesity Category Health Risk
With-out
Co-morbidities
Health Risk
With
Co-morbidities
Below 19 Underweight Slight Minimal
19 – 24 Normal None Minimal
25 – 29 Overweight Minimal Moderate
30 – 34 Obese Moderate High
35 - 39 Severely Obese High Very High
40 – 49 Morbidly Obese Very High Extreme
50 + Super Obese Extreme Very Extreme
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